God’s foreknowledge of our choices

Understanding our Creator is not an easy thing. Learning about His creations certainly help us understand about our Creator. If we look into any designed object, we certainly get some insight about the mind of the designer. Hence, I believe the information in this blog will help answer some of the most difficult questions in Christianity. The following question was asked by a Calvinist: Did God know specifically before the foundation of the world who would go to Hell and on to the Lake of Fire? Did He know? Yes or No? The question have specific implications. If God knew what choices we will make, then the future is already decided. If God doesn't know the future, then God is not sovereign.

We do have a choice

Scripture is filled with God giving us a choice.
Deut 30:19 “I call heaven and earth as witnesses today against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing; therefore choose life, that both you and your descendants may live;
God is giving the children of Israel a choice. The first choice God gave Adam was not to eat from the tree of knowledge of good and evil as in Gen 2:16-17.  Nearly all the parables of Jesus are all about the choices that we must make to follow Him. Hence, without doubt, God is giving us a choice.

Future choices already known

Scripture also supports God knowing the future and the choices that we will make.
Luke 22:31-34 And the Lord said, “Simon, Simon! Indeed, Satan has asked for you, that he may sift you as wheat. But I have prayed for you, that your faith should not fail; and when you have returned to Me, strengthen your brethren. But he said to Him, “Lord, I am ready to go with You, both to prison and to death. Then He said, “I tell you, Peter, the rooster shall not crow this day before you will deny three times that you know Me.”
If you look into Peter's denial, Christ knew every detail of it and the choice Peter will make even before it happened.

Decisions and Choices

From the Scriptures, we understand the following points about God.
  • We were given a choice by God
  • Our future choices were already known to God
As you can see, the above two points are contrary to each other. If we do have a choice, then the future is not decided. If God already knew the future, then the future is already decided. This gave raise to Calvinism and Arminism. You can plot every single protestant denomination somewhere in between Calvinism and Arminism because Scripture does support both.

What does God know?

I must confess, I certainly does not know what God knows for He is beyond my ability to imagine. However, I want to show one of God's creation 'Quantum Mechanics' which is just the tip of an iceberg and it opens a whole new knowledge of God's handiwork and design which helps to understand the mind of the Designer. I am not going to explain about 'Quantum Mechanics' or any technical jargon here but want to show the conclusions and the implications it has on Christianity. If you look at Delayed Choice Quantum Eraser experiment based on the entangled particle, the future choices with the other entangled particle can be known even before the choice of measuring or not measuring was made. If man can do this, God can certainly know the choice of all men even before they do it. Yet, there is a "very important" catch. The choice that we make in the double slit experiment, will change the particle, as though the particle went back in time and even changes as though it has always been a particle from the very beginning. Hence, the choice that we make even changes the past. What God knew about my choice before the foundation of the world depends on my choice now. The questions we ask are always classic and not quantum, yet the entire universe was created and operates based on quantum mechanics at quantum level. A classic has only 'Yes' or 'No' but a quantum state has a superposition of Yes and No - both at the same time. It is important to acknowledge that such a state of superposition with two or more choices do exist in universe. Every decision that we will ever make is in superposition. Hence, God knows all the choices we have and all that we will ever do. Being in superposition is more like "all knowing" which is different from "not knowing". When a choice is made, the superposition collapses (i.e, wave function collapses) and when it collapses, if you go back and look from the beginning, it will be as though the choice was made from the very beginning was the same choice.

Conclusion

Hence, God giving us a choice and He knowing the future does not contradict each other but go together.